AFBC boiler is a very developing technology now these days this technology is widely used in the industrial boiler for the purpose of efficient. Army central heat plants. Although AFBC boilers are economically competitive with conventional coal fired boilers and offer greater fuel flexibility,. AFBC boilers . FBC smoke tube boiler. Fluidized bed combustion (FBC) is a combustion technology used to burn solid fuels. In its most.

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The first-generation PFBC system also uses a sorbent and jets of air to suspend the mixture of sorbent and burning coal during combustion. However, burning at low temperatures also causes increased polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emissions. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Fluidized bed combustion FBC is a combustion technology used to boilerrs solid fuels.

Limestone is used to precipitate out sulfate during combustion, which also allows more efficient heat transfer from the boiler to the apparatus used to capture the heat energy usually water tubes.

Fluidized bed combustion

Jets of air suspend the mixture of sorbent and burning coal during combustion, converting the mixture into a suspension of red-hot particles that flow like a fluid. In its most basic form, fuel particles are suspended in a hot, bubbling fluidity bed of ash and other particulate materials sand, limestone etc.

Fluidized-bed combustion evolved from efforts to find a combustion process able to control pollutant emissions without external emission controls such as scrubbers-flue gas desulfurization. The second reason, which has become increasingly important, is the possibility of achieving, during combustion, a low emission of nitric boliers and the possibility of removing sulfur in a simple manner by using limestone as bed material.



FBC reduces the amount of sulfur emitted in the form of SO x emissions. The reductions may be less substantial than they seem, however, as they coincide with dramatic increases in carbon monoxide?

There are two reasons for the rapid increase of FBC in combustors. Views Read Edit View history. Commercial FBC units operate at competitive efficiencies, cost less than today’s conventional boiler units, and have NO 2 and SO 2 emissions below levels mandated by Federal standards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This page was last edited on 4 Octoberat Retrieved from ” https: However, these systems operate at elevated pressures and produce a high-pressure gas stream at temperatures that can drive a gas turbine. However, they have some disadvantages such as erosion on the tubes inside the boiler, uneven temperature distribution caused by clogs on the air inlet of the bed, long starting times reaching up to 48 hours in some cases.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Power station technology Energy conversion Chemical processes Fluidization.

Steam generated from the heat in the fluidized bed is sent to a steam turbinecreating a highly efficient combined cycle system. The heated precipitate coming in direct contact with the tubes heating by conduction increases the efficiency.


Atmospheric fluidized beds use limestone or dolomite to capture sulfur released by the combustion of coal. In addition, for any given thermal duty, FBCs are smaller than the equivalent conventional furnace, so may offer significant advantages over the latter in terms of cost boielrs flexibility.

These boilers operate at atmospheric pressure. The resultant fast and intimate mixing of gas and solids promotes rapid heat transfer and chemical reactions within the bed. Since this allows coal plants to burn at cooler temperatures, less NO x is also emitted. First, the liberty of choice in respect of fuels in general, not only the possibility of using fuels which are difficult to burn using other technologies, is an important advantage of zfbc bed combustion.

The mixing action of the fluidized bed brings the flue gases into contact with a sulfur -absorbing chemical, boillers as limestone or dolomite.

FBC plants are capable of burning a variety of low-grade solid fuels, including most types of coal and woody biomass, bollers high efficiency and without the necessity for expensive fuel preparation e.