Volume I. The Apostolic Fathers with Justin Martyr and Irenaeus Clement of Rome, Mathetes, Polycarp, Ignatius, Barnabas, Papias, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus What really happened at Nicea: all the ancient sources. Konsili Nicaea 1 . The bishops assembled at Nicaea, who constitute the great and holy synod, greet the church of the Alexandrians, by the grace of God holy.

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But when some of the more shocking passages from his writings were read, they were almost universally seen as blasphemous. Athanasius, who had succeeded Alexander as Bishop of Alexandria, was deposed by the First Synod of Tyre in and Marcellus of Ancyra followed him in But in each province the right of confirming the proceedings belongs to the metropolitan bishop. Chalcedon AD — these four accepted by Anglicans [? This position is supported by patristic scholar Timothy Barnes in his book Constantine and Eusebius.

First Council of Nicaea

Thus, the Father was always a Father, and both Father and Son existed always together, eternally, coequally and consubstantially. Its presiding leaders were the presbyters Vito and Vicentius taking the place of Rome’s Pope Sylvester and his successor Julius, Alexander of Alexandria, Macarius of Jerusalem, Eustathius of Antioch, the presbyter Alexander representing Metrophanes of Constantinople, Hosius the bishop of Cordoba, and Constantine the apostle among Christian emperors.

The Meletians ultimately died out around the middle of the fifth century. By using this site, you agree to the Terms konsoli Use and Privacy Policy.

Konsili Nicea II – Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

In Jerome ‘s Prologue to Judith[79] he claims that the Book of Judith was “found by the Nicene Council to have been counted among the number of the Sacred Scriptures”, which some have suggested means the Nicene Council did discuss what documents would number among the sacred scriptures, but more likely simply means the Council used Judith in its deliberations on other matters and so it should be considered canonical.

No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies see also Computus and Reform of the date of Easter. On the basis of that precedent, the council recognized Alexandria’s ancient jurisdiction over a few provinces in the Diocese of Oriens, a diocese that was otherwise administered from Antioch. The works of Arius were ordered to be confiscated and consigned to the flames[8] while his supporters considered as “enemies of Christianity.

But those who by the grace of God and by our prayers have not been detected in any schism, and are spotless in the catholic and apostolic church, are to have authority to appoint and to put forward the names of men of the clergy who are worthy, and in general to do everything according to the law and rule of the church. Since, either through necessity or through the importunate demands of certain individuals, there have been many breaches of the church’s canon, with the result that men who have recently come from a pagan life to the faith after a short catechumenate have been admitted at once to the spiritual washing, and at the same time as their baptism have been promoted to the episcopate or the presbyterate, it is agreed that it would be well for nothing of the kind to occur in the future.

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The Eastern bishops formed the great majority. Pope portal Vatican City portal Catholicism portal. Deacons must remain within their own limits, knowing that they are the ministers of the bishop and subordinate to the presbyters. The disputed issues centered on the natures and relationship of God the Father and the Son of God Jesus.

Koneili of Orthodoxy Intercession of the Theotokos. Gambar Konsili Trento dari Abad Pembaharuan. It has come to the attention of this holy and great synod that in some places and cities deacons give communion to presbyters, although neither canon nor custom allows this, namely that those who have no authority to offer should give the body of Christ to those who do offer.

There seem to be a number of legends about the First Council of Nicaea AD kosnili circulation nieca the internet, presented as fact. The majority of the bishops agreed. Some of the synods are doubtful or imaginary. According to Protestant theologian Philip Schaff”The Nicene fathers passed this canon not as introducing anything new, but merely as confirming an existing relation on the basis of church tradition; and that, with special reference to Alexandria, on account of the troubles existing there.

On 25 Julyin conclusion, the fathers of the council celebrated the Emperor’s twentieth anniversary. The following is not found in the latin text, but is found in the niceea text:. Rome was named only for illustration; and Antioch and all the other eparchies or provinces were secured their admitted rights.

Quotations are typed from the original. Of course it would be hicea to pillory a writer of the pre-scientific era, relying on memory of other mens’ books while in prison.

The ancient customs of Egypt, Libya and Pentapolis shall be maintained, according to which the bishop of Alexandria has authority over all these places since a similar custom exists with reference to the bishop of Rome.



See also Note E, which discusses Voltaire’s source. He did commission fifty Bibles in for use in the churches of Constantinople, itself still a new city. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Its main accomplishments were settlement of the Christological issue of the divine nature of God the Son and his relationship to God the Father[2] the construction of the first part of the Nicene Creedestablishing uniform observance of the date of Easter[6] and promulgation of early canon law.

The exact meaning of many of the words used in the debates at Nicaea were still unclear to speakers of other languages. According to this interpretation, the canon shows the role the Bishop of Rome had when he, by his authority, confirmed the jurisdiction of the other patriarchs—an interpretation which is in line with the Roman Catholic understanding of the Pope. For conciliar decrees in particular see: Thomas Ethiopian titles Maphrian Tewahedo biblical canon. After the council, Constantine ordered the burning of the works of Arius and his sympathisers, and the exile of himself and his supporters, and followed this later in his reign by action against Christian schismatics and gnostic heretics.

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Eustathius of Antioch was deposed and exiled in First Second Third Historical topics and events: In the short-term, however, the council did not completely solve the problems it was convened to discuss and a period of conflict and upheaval continued for some time.

The Trinity Review Other remarkable attendees were Eusebius of Nicomedia ; Eusebius nicsa Caesareathe purported first nixea historian; circumstances suggest that Incea of Myra attended his life was the seed of the Santa Claus legends ; Macarius of Jerusalemlater a staunch defender of Athanasius; Aristaces of Armenia son of Saint Gregory the Illuminator ; Leontius of Caesarea ; Jacob of Nisibisa former hermit ; Hypatius of Gangra ; Protogenes of Sardica; Melitius of Sebastopolis; Achilleus of Larissa considered the Athanasius of Thessaly [32] and Spyridion of Trimythouswho even while a bishop made his living as a shepherd.

Konskli libraries may not have [Tanner] yet, in which case the much older Schroeder edition may be used: Voltaire repeated the fictitious anecdote several times, giving Labbe as his source: